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Current Affairs – 6 April 2021

Current Affairs (6th April 2021)

Integrated Health Information Platform (IHIP)

Context:

  • The Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare virtually launched the Integrated Health Information Platform (IHIP).

About:

  • The Integrated Health Information Platform is the next generation highly refined version of the presently used Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP).
  • It is a milestone in the history of disease surveillance. India has started a new chapter in India’s public health trajectory. India is the first country in the world to adopt such an advanced disease surveillance system.
  • The new version of IHIP will house the data entry and management for India’s disease surveillance program. In addition to tracking 33 diseases now as compared to the earlier 18 diseases, it shall ensure near-real-time data in digital mode, having done away with the paper-mode of working.
  • Terming this as the world’s biggest online disease surveillance platform, it is in sync with the National Digital Health Mission and fully compatible with the other digital information systems presently being used in India.
  • The refined IHIP with automated -data will help in a big way in real time data collection, aggregation & further analysis of data that will aid and enable evidence-based policy making.
  • IHIP will provide health information system developed for real time, case-based information, integrated analytics, advanced visualization capability. It will provide analyzed reports on mobile or other electronic devices. In addition, outbreak investigation activities can be initiated and monitored electronically.
  • It can easily be integrated with other ongoing surveillance program, while having the feature of addition of special surveillance modules.
  • Such an advanced digital platform for scouting the earliest signs of disease spread in the smallest of villages and blocks in the country will immensely help in nipping in the bud any potential outbreak or epidemic.
  • India has shown to the world that even during a pandemic, it is capable of developing such an advanced disease surveillance system.
  • The platform is a success story of the ‘Make in India’ initiative and a step towards Aatma-Nirbhar Swastha Bharat.
  • Accurate, reliable and timely information is crucial for a country such as India which has a population of 1.35 billion.
  • India’s information system for precision public health is essential for delivering ‘the right intervention at the right time, every time to the right population.
  • In recent years, the use of technology to enhance precision in public health, including the use of pathogen genomics, enhanced surveillance and informatics, and targeted interventions has steadily gone up, the success of this platform will also depend primarily on the quality of data shared by the states.
  • With IHIP, collection of authentic data will become easy as it comes directly from the village/block level; the last mile from the country.
  • In terms of the geographical coverage of the surveillance, along with the number of diseases covered and the quantum of data generated, this makes IHIP one of the largest such digital health platforms globally.
  • Data will be provided in real time through the grassroots healthcare workers through their gadgets (tablets); the doctors at the PHC/CHC/SHD/DH when the citizens seek healthcare; and the diagnostic labs which will provide data on the tests carried out.

 

FDI inflows

Context:

  • The Measures taken by the Government on the fronts of FDI policy reforms, investment facilitation and ease of doing business have resulted in increased FDI inflows into the country as India has attracted total FDI inflow of US$ 72.12 billion during April to January, 2021.
  • It is the highest ever for the first ten months of a financial year and 15% higher as compared to the first ten months of 2019-20 (US$ 62.72 billion).

About:

  • The trends show that the FDI equity inflow grew by 28% in the first ten months of F.Y. 2020-21 (US$ 54.18 billion) compared to the year ago period (US$ 42.34 billion).
  • In terms of top investor countries, ‘Singapore’ is at the apex with 30.28% of the total FDI Equity inflow followed by U.S.A (24.28%) and UAE (7.31%) for the first ten months of the current financial year 2020-21.
  • Japan has been leading the list of investor countries to invest in India with 29.09% of the total FDI Equity inflows during January, 2021, followed by Singapore (25.46%) and the U.S.A. (12.06%).
  • The Computer Software & Hardware has emerged as the top sector during the first ten months of F.Y. 2020-21 with 45.81% of the total FDI Equity inflow followed by Construction (Infrastructure) Activities (13.37%) and Services Sector (7.80%) respectively.
  • As per the trends shown during the month of January, 2021, the consultancy services emerged as the top sector with 21.80% of the total FDI Equity inflow followed by Computer Software & Hardware (15.96%) and Service Sector (13.64%).
  • These trends in India’s Foreign Direct Investment are an endorsement of its status as a preferred investment destination amongst global investors.

 

LA PEROUSE

Context:

  • Indian Navy Ships INS Satpura (with an integral helicopter embarked) and INS Kiltan along with P8I Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft are participating, for the first time; in multi-lateral maritime exercise La Pérouse, being conducted in the Eastern Indian Ocean Region from 05 to 07 Apr 2021.

About:

  • The Indian Navy ships and aircraft will exercise at sea with ships and aircraft of French Navy (FN), Royal Australian Navy (RAN), Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) and United States Navy (USN) during the three-day exercise at sea.
  • The exercise La Pérouse, led by French Navy, has participation by FN Ships Tonnerre, an amphibious assault ship and frigate Surcouf.
  • United States Navy is represented in the exercise by amphibious transport dock ship Somerset.
  • Her Majesty’s Australian Ships (HMAS) Anzac, a frigate and tanker Sirius have been deployed by RAN for participation in the exercise while Japan Maritime Self Defence Ship (JMSDF) is represented by the destroyer Akebono.
  • In addition to the ships, integral helicopters embarked onboard ships will also participate in the exercise.
  • Exercise La Pérouse will witness complex and advanced naval operations including surface warfare, anti-air warfare and air defence exercises, weapon firing exercises, cross deck flying operations, tactical manoeuvres and seamanship evolutions such as replenishment at sea.
  • The exercise will showcase high levels of synergy, coordination and inter-operability between the friendly navies.
  • Participation by the Indian Navy in the exercise demonstrates the shared values with friendly navies ensuring freedom of seas and commitment to an open, inclusive Indo-Pacific and a rules-based international order.

 

Maoist Attack

Context:

  • A team of security forces was attacked by a People’s Liberation Guerilla Army (PLGA) unit in the Tarrem area near the Sukma-Bijapur district border, Chhattisgarh.
  • Several security personnel were killed and many were injured.

State police role is key

  • Many have argued that Maoism has been defeated only in states where the state police have taken the lead.
  • The obliteration of Maoist violence in Andhra Pradesh – the nursery of Maoism in the country—is largely attributed to the state’s Greyhounds.
  • In Maharashtra, where Maoists held sway over several districts, they have now been confined to border areas of Gadchiroli.
  • West Bengal achieved normalcy through an ingenious strategy adopted by the state police.
  • The Jharkhand Jaguars have gained an upper hand in the past few years, and Odisha has confined Maoist activity largely to Malkangiri thanks to broad administrative interventions in Koraput.

Left Wing Extremism in India

  • Naxalism, the far-left radical communist organization though trace its origin to West Bengal in the early 1960s, gradually spread its wings towards the less developed areas of southern and eastern parts of the country.
  • The movement has spread across the Eastern India in less developed areas of states such as Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is considered that Naxals support Maoist political sentiments and ideology.

Challenges and Way ahead:

  • The area in which the attack took place is among the least developed in the country. According to the 2011 census, Bijapur and Sukma districts are second and third from the bottom in terms of literacy.
  • The region lacks basic infrastructure in terms of roads and communication. It is this abdication of the state in terms of both law and order and welfare that makes the Bastar belt so fecund for left-wing extremism.
  • The lack of infrastructure also makes the job of the police and security forces that much more difficult.
  • What is needed, most of all, is political will from the central and state governments. Acts of violence against security forces must, of course, be dealt with. But to really address the problem, development work too must take place on a war footing.

 

Godavari River

Context:

  • The Godavari water is to be released into the irrigation canals in East and West Godavari districts from the Polavaram irrigation project site up to 15th April 2021 against the previous deadline of 31st March 2021.

About:

  • The Godavari is the largest river system of the Peninsular India and is revered as Dakshina Ganga.
  • The Godavari basin extends over states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha in addition to smaller parts in Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Union territory of Puducherry (Yanam) having a total area of ~ 3 lakh Sq.km.
  • The basin is bounded by Satmala hills, the Ajanta range and the Mahadeo hills on the north, by the Eastern Ghats on the south and the east and by the Western Ghats on the west.
  • The Godavari River rises from Trimbakeshwar in the Nashik district of Maharashtra about 80 km from the Arabian Sea at an elevation of 1,067 m.
  • The total length of Godavari from its origin to outfall into the Bay of Bengal is 1,465 km.

Polavaram Irrigation Project:

  • Andhra Pradesh on the river Godavari, near Polavaram village.
  • Multi-purpose irrigation project as the project once completed will provide Irrigation benefits and will generate HydroElectric Power.
  • Supply drinking water.
  • Facilitate an inter-basin transfer to the Krishna river basin through its Right canal.
  • Provide indirect benefits such as development of Pisciculture (breeding and rearing of fish), tourism and urbanisation.
  • It has been accorded national project status by the union government in 2014 under Section-90 of Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014.
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