Non-Aligned Movement

Non-Aligned Movement

About NAM:

  • The Non-Aligned Movement(NAM) is a forum of 120 countries that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
  • After the United Nations, it is the largest grouping of states worldwide.

Members and Observers of the NAM 

Background of the NAM:

  • The term ‘Non-Alignment’ was used for the first time in 1950 at the United Nations by India and Yugoslavia, both of which refused to align themselves with any side in the multi-alliances involving Korean War.
  • Drawing on the principles agreed at the Bandung Conference in 1955, the Non-Aligned Movement as an organization was founded on the Brijuniislands in Yugoslavia in 1956.
  • The Movement advocates a middle course for states in the developing world between the Western and Eastern Blocs during the Cold War.

The five principles of the NAM were:

  • Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.
  • Mutual non-aggression.
  • Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs.
  • Equality and mutual benefit.
  • Peaceful co-existence.

Syllabus: Prelims + Mains; GS II – International Relations