Ornamental fish aquaculture to help women in Lakshadweep islands

Ornamental fish aquaculture to help women in Lakshadweep islands

Why in news :

  • Community-based ornamental fish aquaculture, using local resources, is expected to help women in the Lakshadweep islands to take the first step towards self-reliance through concerted activities.
  • They have formed groups for ornamental fish aquaculture with technical support from the ICAR-National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (NBFGR).
  • The NBFGR maintains a germplasm resource centre for marine ornamental organisms on Agatti Island for conservation as well as boosting livelihood sources for the islanders.

About ornamental fish aquaculture :

Aquariculture :

  • The culture of ornamental fishes is called as aquariculture.
  • Ornamental fish culture is the culture of attractive, colourful fishes of various characteristics, which are reared in a confined aquatic system.

  • Farmers and hobbyists mainly grow it.  Ornamental fishes are also known as living jewels.
  • There are more than 30,000 fish species reported around the world, of this about 800 belong to ornamental fishes.
  • Most of the ornamental fishes survive in freshwater.
  • They come under eight closely related families namely, Anabantidae, Callichthyidae, Characidae, Cichlidae, Cobitidae, Cyprinodontidae, Cyprinidae and Poeciliidae.
  • Ornamental fishes of India are contributing about 1% of the total ornamental fish trade.
  • These fishes are exported to the tune of 54 tons, having the value of Rupees 13.08 crores in 2020-21.
  • It registered a growth of 66.55 % in terms of quantity and 20.59% in terms of value in INR.
  • India has great potentials in Ornamental fish production due to the presence of rich biodiversity of species, favourable climatic conditions and availability of cheap labour.
  • Kerala, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal mainly practice ornamental fish farming in India.
  • The ornamental species are categorized into indigenous and exotic.
  • Availability of a vast number of native species has contributed significantly to the development of ornamental fish industry in the country.
  • North-eastern states, West Bengal, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are blessed with potential indigenous species.
  • About 90% of native species (85% are from northeast India) are collected and reared to meet export demand.
  • Presently, nearly about 100 native species are reared as aquarium fish.
  • There is also a great demand for exotic species due to its colour, shape and appearance.
  • More than 300 exotic species are covered in the ornamental fish trade, but a greater demand for this exists.
  • About 200 species are bred in India. 90% of India exports go from Kolkata followed by 8% from Mumbai and 2% from Chennai.

Syllabus : Prelims + Mains; GS3 – Economy