Rajaji Tiger Reserve

Rajaji Tiger Reserve

Why in news : The Central Empowered Committee of the Supreme Court has recommended against blacktopping a 4.7km stretch of a key forest road in the buffer zone of Uttarakhand’s Rajaji tiger reserve.

Key facts about the Rajaji tiger reserve :

  • Rajaji national park which is also a tiger reserve, is located in shiwaliks, near the foothills of the Himalayas.
  • It is spread over 3 districts of the state of Uttarakhand.
  • It has been named after  Rajagopalachari(Rajaji), a prominent leader of the Freedom Struggle.
  • It is the 2nd tiger reserve in the state after Jim Corbett tiger reserve.

Biodiversity present in the park :

Flora :

  • The national park comprises of Broadleaved deciduous forests, riverine vegetation, scrubland, grasslands and pine forests.

Fauna :

  • The park is located in deep jungles which make it very rich in fauna located there.

Project Tiger :

  • Project Tigeris a tiger conservationprogramme launched in April 1973 by the Government of India.
  • The project aims at ensuring a viable population of the Bengal tigerin its natural habitats, protecting it from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage.
  • The monitoring system M-STRIPESwas developed to assist patrol and protect tiger habitats.
  • There are 53 tiger reserves in India.
  • Ranipur Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradeshwill be the 53rd tiger reserve in India.
  • Project Tiger was administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.

  • The various tiger reserves were created in the country based on the ‘core-buffer’ strategy:

Bengal Tiger distribution and its protection status :

  • In present times it is inhabited in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and southwestern China.

Protection status :

  • IUCN conservation status : Endangered
  • Wildlife protection act,1972 : schedule-I.

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