Sri Aurobindo

Sri Aurobindo

Why in news : Rangbhoomi Theatre Group is staging Niranjan Karawas, on the life of Sri Aurobindo.

Key facts about Sri Aurobindo :

Sri Aurobindo

  • Aurobindo Ghose was born in Calcutta (now Kolkata), Bengal Presidency, India on 15 August 1872.
  • He was an Indian philosopher, yogi, maharishi, poet, and Indian freedom fighter.
  • He was also a journalist and was editing newspapers such as Vande Mataram.
  • He joined the Indian movement for independence and was active in politics till 1910. After that he became a spiritual reformer, introducing his visions on human progress and spiritual evolution.
  • He was involved in nationalist politics in the Indian National Congress and the revolutionary movement in Bengal with the Anushilan Samiti.
  • He was arrested in the aftermath of a number of bombings linked to his organization where he faced charges of treason for Alipore Conspiracy.
  • During his stay in the jail, he had mystical and spiritual experiences, after which he moved to Pondicherry, leaving politics for spiritual work.
  • Aurobindo said he was “visited” by Vivekananda in the Alipore Jail: “It is a fact that I was hearing constantly the voice of Vivekananda speaking to me for a fortnight in the jail in my solitary meditation and felt his presence.”
  • In 1926, with the help of his spiritual collaborator, Mirra Alfassa (referred to as “The Mother”), Sri Aurobindo Ashram was founded.
  • His main literary works are The Life Divine, which deals with the philosophical aspect of Integral Yoga; Synthesis of Yoga, which deals with the principles and methods of Integral Yoga; and Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol, an epic poem.
  • The 1970 Indian Bengali-language biographical drama film Mahabiplabi Aurobindo, directed by Dipak Gupta, depicted Sri Aurobindo’s life on screen.

Syllabus : prelims + mains; History – Famous personalities in news

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