Adenovirus Infection

Adenovirus Infection

Why in news :

  • On Saturday, the West Bengal government set up an eight-member task force to ‘supervise the works related with control of adenovirus and treatment of affected persons’.
  • The State government’s statement said that so far 10,999 acute respiratory infection cases in children have come to the fore.
  • It is a recombinant strain of human adenovirus type 3 (HAdV­3) and type 7 (HAdV­7) that is causing the majority of infections.

What is the adenovirus infection?

  • The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States government states that adenoviruses are common viruses that typically cause mild cold or flu­like illness and are usually spread from an infected person to others by close personal contact.

Adenoviruses are usually spread from an infected person to others through :

  • Close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands
  • The air by coughing and sneezing
  • Touching an object or surface with adenoviruses on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands
  • Some adenoviruses can spread through an infected person’s stool, for example, during diaper changing.
  • Adenovirus can also spread through the water, such as swimming pools, but this is less common.
  • While the virus can affect people of any age group, children with low and compromised immunity are at a higher risk.

Symptoms :

  • Adenoviruses can cause mild to severe illness, though serious illness is less common.
  • People with weakened immune systems, or existing respiratory or cardiac disease, are at higher risk of developing severe illness from an adenovirus infection.

Adenoviruses can cause a wide range of illnesses such as :

  • common cold or flu-like symptoms
  • fever
  • sore throat
  • acute bronchitis (inflammation of the airways of the lungs, sometimes called a “chest cold”)
  • pneumonia (infection of the lungs)
  • pink eye (conjunctivitis)
  • acute gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach or intestines causing diarrehea, vomiting, nausea and stomach pain)

Syllabus : Prelims + Mains; GS3- Diseases in news