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Aravalli Green wall project

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Aravalli Green wall project

Context:

  • Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has launched the Aravalli Green Wall Project, a major initiative to green 5 km buffer area around the Aravalli Hill Range in four states.

About Aravalli Green wall project:

  • The Aravalli Green Wall Project is part of the Union Environment Ministry’s vision to create green corridors across the country to combat land degradation and desertification.
  • The project covers states of Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Delhi – where the Aravalli hills landscape span over 6 million hectares of land.
  • The project will involve planting native species of trees and shrubs on scrubland, wasteland and degraded forest land, along with rejuvenating and restoring surface water bodies such as ponds, lakes and streams.
  • The project will also focus on agroforestry and pasture development to enhance the livelihoods of local communities.

Objectives of the project:

  • Improving the ecological health of the Aravalli range
  • To prevent eastward expansion of Thar Desert and to reduce land degradation by creating green barriers that will prevent soil erosion, desertification and dust storms
  • This green wall will help in carbon sequestration and mitigating climate change to enhance the biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Aravalli range by planting native tree species in the Aravalli region, providing habitat for wildlife, improving water quality and quantity.
  • Promote sustainable development and livelihood opportunities by involving local communities in afforestation, agro-forestry and water conservation activities that will generate income, employment, food security and social benefits.
  • The project will be executed by various stakeholders such as central and state governments, forest departments, research institutes, civil society organisations, private sector entities and local communities.
  • Adequate funding, technical skills, policy coordination and public awareness will be called upon to ensure the success of the project.
  • Contribute to India’s commitments under various international conventions such as UNCCD (United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification), CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) and UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change).
  • Enhancing India’s image as a global leader in environmental protection and green development.

Benefits of the project:

  • The Aravalli Green Wall Project will increase the green cover and biodiversity of the Aravalli through afforestation, reforestation and restoration of water bodies.
  • It will also improve the soil fertility, water availability and climate resilience of the region. The project will benefit the local communities by providing them with employment opportunities, income generation and ecosystem services.

Syllabus: Prelims

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