Gujjars, Bakerwals and Paharis

Gujjars, Bakerwals and Paharis

Recent context : The Save Tribals March, a street agitation launched by Gujjars, Bakerwals in opposition to the government’s move to include Paharis into the scheduled tribes list has been cancelled.

Who are Gujjars, Bakerwas and Paharis :

Gujjars :

  • Gujjar is an ethnic nomadic, agricultural and pastoral community, spread mainly in India, Pakistan, Kashmir and Afghanistan divided internally into various clan groups.
  • They are classified as Other Backward Class (OBC) in 12 states. while in Jammu & Kashmir and some parts of Himachal Pradesh, they have Scheduled Tribe status.

  • Gujjars and Bakerwals who were included in ST list in 1991, constitute 14% of J&K population.

Bakerwals :

  • The Bakarwal community is listed as Scheduled Tribes along with Gujjars in Jammu and Kashmir, India in 1991.

  • They are a nomadictribe they spread over a large part starting from Pir Panjal Range to Hindukush to Ladakh located in Himalayan mountains of South Asia.
  • They are shepherds and goatherders at large and seasonally migrate from one place to another with their herds. 
  • They are found in the Jammu and Kashmir state of north India.

Paharis :

  • The Pahari people or Pahari-speaking people  is a cover term for a number of heterogeneous communities inhabiting the Indian regions of Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh.
  • Pahariis an ambiguous term used to describe a variety of Northern Indo-Aryan Northern Indo-Aryan languages, most of which are found in the lower Himalayas.
  • Paharis are classified as a linguistic minority.

Syllabus : prelims; various tribes and communities in news

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