Indo – China Border Dispute and LAC
Indo – China Border dispute:
- India and China share a total boundary of approximately 3,488 kilometres which is second largest after Bangladesh.
- The border is generally divided into three sectors: the western, middle, and eastern sectors.
- The Indian states which share the border with China are Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh.
Recent Doklam standoff between India and China :
- Doklam lies at the tri-junction of India, China and Bhutan.
- The standoff occurred in 2017, the duration of which is 73 days.
- Doklam is nearly 100 sq.km in area which consists of a valley and a plateau.
- The plateau is claimed both by the China and Bhutan.
- The issue began when the Chinese army attempted to construct a road passing through the Doklam Plateau.
- India had to step in to help the Bhutan to maintain its sovereignty.
- After a long 73 days standoff both India and china eventually agreed to the withdrawal of troops.
- Recently in 2022, Chinese army tried to ingress the Yangtse area, Tawang sector in Arunachal Pradesh.
- Yangtse is located 3035 km northeast of Tawang and is at an altitude of around 17,000 feet.
- The Chinese army also stepped up patrols in this sector to assert its claims in the area.
- The People’s Liberation Army has also installed a ropeway close to the Torsa Nala on their side near the confluence point which is Indo-china- Bhutan confluence point.
- It is where the Doklam stand off happened in 2017.
Syllabus : Prelims + Mains; GS2 – International Relations