Key points for prelims :
- Koya are an Indian tribal community found in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, and Odisha.
- The Koyas speak the Koya language, also known as Koya basha, which is a Dravidian language related to Gondi.
DISTRIBUTION OF KOYA POPULATION MAP.
- Koyas are commonly referred to as Koi, Koyalu, Koyollu, Koya Doralu, etc. Koya tribes can be further divided into Gutta Koya or Gotti Koya, Kammara Koya, Musara Koya, Oddi Koya, Pattidi Koya, Kottu Koya, Bhine Koya, etc.
- Koya practice marriage after maturity, and infant marriage is not practiced.
- The tribal community faces the new threats of development and conflicts, posing a serious questions on its existence and civilization.
- The gutti koyas calls themselves as “ podu cultivators”.
- They lack access to land and resources. The scarcity of the jobs lead to malnutrition of children and instances of anemia in women.
SYLLABUS : PRELIMS-CULTURE; SOCIETY; TRIBES.