Project Tiger

Project Tiger

Project Tiger :

  • Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in April 1973 by the Government of India.
  • The project aims at ensuring a viable population of the Bengal tiger in its natural habitats, protecting it from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage.
  • The monitoring system M-STRIPES was developed to assist patrol and protect tiger habitats.
  • There are 53 tiger reserves in India.
  • Ranipur Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh will be the 53rd tiger reserve in India.
  • Project Tiger was administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority.

  • The various tiger reserves were created in the country based on the ‘core-buffer’ strategy:

Bengal Tiger distribution and its protection status :

  • In present times it is inhabited in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and southwestern China.

Protection status :

  • IUCN conservation status : Endangered
  • Wildlife protection act,1972 : schedule-I.

Syllabus: Prelims