Representation of People’s Act, 1951 (RPA, 1951)

Representation of People’s Act, 1951 (RPA, 1951)

Why in news : Recently, section 125 of the Representation of People’s Act,1951 was in news in relation to one political party member.

Key features of the RPA, 1951 :

  • The Representation of the People Act, 1951is an act of Parliament of India to provide for the conduct of election of the Houses of Parliament and to the House or Houses of the Legislature of each State.
  • It also deals with qualifications and disqualifications for membership of parliament and state legislatures.
  • Notification of general elections and conduct of elections.
  • By-elections and the time limit for filling the vacancies
  • Administrative machinery for the conduct of elections
  • Registration of political parties
  • Disputes regarding the elections
  • Corrupt practices and electoral offences
  • Powers of Election Commission in connection with inquiries as to disqualification of members.
  • Barring the jurisdiction of civil courts.

Section 125 of the RPA,1951 deals with the provisions related to the promoting enmity between classes in connection with the election.

  • Any person who is in connection with an election promotes or attempts to promote enmity among the members on grounds of race, religion, caste, community shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term of 3 years or fine or both.

Syllabus : Prelims + Mains; GS2- Polity