Sickle Cell Anaemia

Sickle Cell Anaemia

Why in news :

  • With barely two weeks left in the fiscal year, the Health Ministry has completed a minuscule 1% of its ambitious target to scan one crore people for sickle cell disease in 2022­23.
  • In her Budget speech, Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman had said that India aims to eliminate sickle cell anaemia by 2047.

More about sickle cell anaemia :

  • Sickle cell anaemia is one of a group of inherited disorders known as sickle cell disease.
  • It affects the shape of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to all parts of the body.

  • Red blood cells are usually round and flexible, so they move easily through blood vessels.
  • In sickle cell anaemia, some red blood cells are shaped like sickles or crescent moons.
  • These sickle cells also become rigid and sticky, which can slow or block blood flow.
  • There’s no cure for most people with sickle cell anaemia.
  • Treatments can relieve pain and help prevent complications associated with the disease.

Syllabus : Prelims