Aim of the project : To reduce dependence on the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) by imparting skill training to its beneficiaries.

  • It helps the MGNREGS workers to help them transition from partial employment to full employment.
  • Launched by : Ministry of Rural Development in 2020.
  • The focus is to train one adult member ( 18-45 age group) of a household that has completed 100 days of work under MGNREGS.
  • 20% of active worker’s households of MGNREGA should get training under this skilling project UNNATI.
  • Under the project, the selected candidates are skilled using three established training programmes- the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana(DDU-GKY), the Rural Self Training Institute(RSETI) and the Krishi Vigyan Kendra.

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme(MGNREGS) :

  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005is a social security measure that aims to guarantee the ‘right to work’.
  • It is launched by the Ministry of Rural Development in 2005.
  • It is a demand driven scheme.
  • Under this scheme, at least one adult member of every rural household is legally entitled to 100 days of unskilled manual work.
  • Women are guaranteed one third of the jobs made available under the MGNREGA.
  • Another aim of MGNREGA is to create durable assets (such as roads, canals, ponds and wells).
  • If work is not provided within 15 days of applying, applicants are entitled to an unemployment allowance.
  • The act give focus on decentralised planning because the act mandates gram sabhas to recommend the works that need to be undertakenand minimum 50% of the works should be executed by them.

National Mobile Monitoring Software App :

  •  This app is deployed by the Ministry of Rural Development to supervise the work at the sites and to improve the transparency.
  • It is to be deployed by the MGNREGA MATES who take attendance of the workers by using the application features such as real time geotagging and photographing at the site.

Mahila Mate Programme under MGNREGA : It was launched in 2021 to encourage more women to join SHGs and increase their participation in the rural workforce.