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CAMPA FUND

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CAMPA FUND

CONTEXT:

  • Recently, a lot has been discussed that compensatory afforestation carried under the aegis of CAMPA is a flawed practice because it fails to capture the essence of broader ecosystem restoration.

ABOUT CAMPA FUNDS:

  • The CAMPA funds are utilised for compensating the loss of forest land and ecosystem services.
  • The Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAF Act), 2016 and Rules, 2018 provide elaborate guidelines and activities for utilization of CAMPA Fund.
  • CAMPA also supports creation of nurseries for multiplication of quality planting material of locally suitable plant species.
  • The monitoring and evaluation of CAMPA activities is provided in the CAF Act, 2016.
  • The monitoring of CAMPA activities in States/UTs are carried out through Internal and Third Party monitoring and e-Green watch web portal.
  • The State and Union territories are required to submit the Annual Plan of Operations (APO), prepared by State CAMPA in accordance with the provisions of CAF Act, 2016 & Rules.
  • CAMPA activities are implemented by engaging local communities in afforestation, nursery raising, soil-water conservation and forest protection activities.
  • TheNational Authority does not maintain any information related to job creation under various Projects/Schemes funded under National Fund, CAMPA.

OBJECTIVES OF CAMPA :

  • Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) are meant to promote afforestation and regeneration activities as a way of compensating for forest land diverted to non-forest uses.
  • National CAMPA Advisory Council has been established as per orders of The Hon’ble Supreme Court with the following mandate:
  • Lay down broad guidelines for State CAMPA.
  • Facilitate scientific, technological and other assistance that may be required by State CAMPA.
  • Make recommendations to State CAMPA based on a review of their plans and programmes.
  • Provide a mechanism to State CAMPA to resolve issues of an inter-state or Centre-State character.

What is state CAMPA?

  • The State CAMPA would administer the amount received from the Adhoc CAMPA.
  • It will utilize the funds collected for undertaking compensatory afforestation, assisted natural regeneration, conservation and protection of forests, infrastructure development, wildlife conservation and protection and other related activities
  • The authority or the instrumenting body that is responsible for accelerating activities for preservation of natural forests, effective management and monitoring of wildlife, infrastructure development in the sector and other allied works in the State is known as the State CAMPA.

SYLLABUS: PRELIMS, ENVIRONMENT

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