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Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems

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Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems

About the project :

  • The Crime and Criminal Tracking Networks and Systems, abbreviated to CCTNS, is a project under the Indian government for creating a comprehensive and integrated system for effective policing through e-Governance.

  • The system includes a nationwide online tracking system by integrating more than 14,000 police stations across the country.
  • The project is implemented by National Crime Records Bureau.

The following are the expected benefits envisaged from successful implementation of the CCTNS :

Benefits to Police Department :

  1. Enhanced tools for investigation.
  2. Centralized crime and criminal information repository along with the criminal images and fingerprints with advanced search capabilities.
  3. Enhanced ability to analyze crime patterns and/or modus operandi.
  4. Enhanced ability to analyze road incidents and other accidents.
  5. Faster turnaround time for the analysis results (criminal and traffic) to reach the officers on the field.
  6. Reduced workload for the police stations back-office activities such as preparation of regular and ad-hoc reports and station records management.
  7. A collaborative knowledge-oriented environment where knowledge is shared across different regions and units.
  8. Better co-ordination and communication with external stakeholders through implementation of electronic information exchange systems.

Benefits to Citizens :

  1. Multiple channels to access services from police.
  2. Simplified process for registering petitions.
  3. Simplified process for accessing general services such as requests for certificates, verifications, and permissions.
  4. Simplified process and accurate means of tracking the progress of the case during trials.
  5. Simplified and accurate access to view/report unclaimed/recovered vehicles and property.
  6. Simplified process and channel for grievance registration.
  7. Improved relationship management for victims and witnesses.
  8. Faster and assured response from police to any emergency calls for assistance.

Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) :

  • The CCEA also decided to implement Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) by 2017.
  • It will be done through integrating CCTNS with e-Courts, e-Prisons, Forensics, and Prosecution, which are the key components of the Criminal Justice System.
  • e-prosecution in Delhi has already been launched by the ICJS team.

Implementation of ICJS will ensure :

  • Quick data transfer among different pillars of the criminal justice system, which will not only enhance transparency but also reduce processing time.
  • Enable National level crime analytics to be published at an increased frequency, which will help the policymakers as well as lawmakers in taking appropriate and timely action.
  • Enable pan-India criminal/accused name search in the regional language for improved inter-state tracking of criminal movement.

Syllabus : Prelims; GS2 – Governance

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