Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems
About the project :
- The Crime and Criminal Tracking Networks and Systems, abbreviated to CCTNS, is a project under the Indian government for creating a comprehensive and integrated system for effective policing through e-Governance.
- The system includes a nationwide online tracking system by integrating more than 14,000 police stations across the country.
- The project is implemented by National Crime Records Bureau.
The following are the expected benefits envisaged from successful implementation of the CCTNS :
Benefits to Police Department :
- Enhanced tools for investigation.
- Centralized crime and criminal information repository along with the criminal images and fingerprints with advanced search capabilities.
- Enhanced ability to analyze crime patterns and/or modus operandi.
- Enhanced ability to analyze road incidents and other accidents.
- Faster turnaround time for the analysis results (criminal and traffic) to reach the officers on the field.
- Reduced workload for the police stations back-office activities such as preparation of regular and ad-hoc reports and station records management.
- A collaborative knowledge-oriented environment where knowledge is shared across different regions and units.
- Better co-ordination and communication with external stakeholders through implementation of electronic information exchange systems.
Benefits to Citizens :
- Multiple channels to access services from police.
- Simplified process for registering petitions.
- Simplified process for accessing general services such as requests for certificates, verifications, and permissions.
- Simplified process and accurate means of tracking the progress of the case during trials.
- Simplified and accurate access to view/report unclaimed/recovered vehicles and property.
- Simplified process and channel for grievance registration.
- Improved relationship management for victims and witnesses.
- Faster and assured response from police to any emergency calls for assistance.
Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) :
- The CCEA also decided to implement Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) by 2017.
- It will be done through integrating CCTNS with e-Courts, e-Prisons, Forensics, and Prosecution, which are the key components of the Criminal Justice System.
- e-prosecution in Delhi has already been launched by the ICJS team.
Implementation of ICJS will ensure :
- Quick data transfer among different pillars of the criminal justice system, which will not only enhance transparency but also reduce processing time.
- Enable National level crime analytics to be published at an increased frequency, which will help the policymakers as well as lawmakers in taking appropriate and timely action.
- Enable pan-India criminal/accused name search in the regional language for improved inter-state tracking of criminal movement.
Syllabus : Prelims; GS2 – Governance