Features of Millets :

Climatic conditions :

  • Generally the Millets are grown in tropical as well as sub-tropical upto an altitude of 2,100m.
  • The minimum temperature required is 8-10°C. A mean temperature range of 26-29°C during the growth is best for proper development and good crop yield.
  • These are grown where rainfall ranges from 500-900mm.
  • Millet has wide adaptability to different soil from very poor to very fertile and can tolerate a certain degree of alkalinity. The best soils are alluvial, loamy and sandy soil with good drainage.
  • Various types of Millets are : pearl millet, finger millet, foxtail millet, sorghum or great millet, kodo.

Various types of millets :

  • This crop is favoured due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions.
  • They are nutritious with high amounts of fiber, both soluble and insoluble.
  • They can easily withstand harsh climatic conditions which can aid food security in current rising temperatures scenario.
  • They help to fight the desertification of the land.

India map showing distribution of various millets.

Syllabus : prelims; Geography- crops.

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